Known also as gum disease, periodontal disease is a condition that affects the health of your mouth and can lead to additional dental problems when not addressed. If you’re concerned about gum disease treatment in Issaquah, then continue reading to learn if you may be suffering from this condition.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Gum disease occurs in stages, the first of which is called gingivitis. If you have gingivitis, then you may have gums that are tender, inflamed, and red, and that bleed when you floss or brush. At this stage, improving your oral hygiene routine can be sufficient for reversing the condition and restoring the health of your gums. When left to progress, however, gingivitis can evolve into periodontitis. In this advanced stage of gum disease, the gums may start to pull away from the teeth, creating pockets between the gum tissue and teeth. The gums may also begin to recede, teeth may shift or feel loose, and chronic bad breath may develop.
Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease
Certain factors can increase your risk of developing gum disease. By being aware of these factors, you will be better prepared to maintain the health of your gums and remain vigilant for symptoms. Not brushing and flossing your teeth as directed by your dentist increases your risk of periodontal disease, as does smoking. Puberty, pregnancy, menopause, and other causes of hormonal changes can increase your risk, along with illnesses that interfere with the immune system, such as HIV and cancer. People with diabetes or who have a family history of dental disease are more likely to develop periodontitis.
Complications of Periodontal Disease
Left untreated, gum disease can destroy bone and supportive tissues in your mouth, leading to problems like cavities and tooth loss. If you are experiencing the symptoms of gum disease, then you should see a dentist for an examination. Depending on the condition of your gums, you may be referred to a periodontist, who is a dentist that specializes in treating and caring for gums.